What is a Decongestant and How Does It Work?
Decongestants, also known as nasal decongestants, are basically different drugs that help people relieve their problems related to nasal congestion. These drugs stimulate adrenergic receptors and this reduces the swelling of the blood in the nose, thus allowing mucus and air to pass through the nose without any problems. Generally speaking, nasal decongestants work quickly and are very efficient. However, it is important to know that there are some side effects of using these drugs and decongestants should not be used frequently, because their frequent usage may result in a decrease in the response to the drug.
Common Side Effects of Using Nasal Decongestants
All of the drugs that can be found in pharmacies are used for different purposes and they all have different side effects. One of the most common decongestant side effects is the rebound effect. The rebound effect appears when a decongestant is overused, and this over usage causes the blood vessels to additionally swell, instead of reducing the swelling. If this happens, it is advised that the usage of the drug is stopped immediately and that your doctor is contacted. Another common side effect of decongestants is drowsiness, so it is recommended that people who are using these drugs do not operate heavy machinery or drive a vehicle. These drugs can also cause nervousness in some cases, or even sleeping problems.
Some of the more serious side effects include high blood pressure, a feeling that the heart is racing, urinary problems, loss of appetite, nausea, problems with vision and headaches. These side effects are not very common and it is safe to say that there will not be any side effects in cases where the patients are healthy adults with no serious health issues.
It can be concluded that nasal decongestants are an efficient type of drug that are used for relieving nasal congestion and that they are generally safe to use. However, if people have some serious health issues it is best that they speak to their doctor before deciding on using nasal decongestants and that they be aware of the possible side effects of this commonly used drug.