Periodontitis is an inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the teeth. It is caused because of neglected tooth decay, which destroys the underlying tissue beneath them, letting bacteria enter the tooth pulp. It is the main reason for tooth loss in adults and can also be caused by untreated gingivitis. Before looking at treatment for periodontitis, it is useful to look for a minute at the different stages of the disease.
The Stages of Periodontitis
The first symptom of periodontitis is usually toothache when biting down. It is possible for an abscess to form, which will make the tooth become loose. If the cyst is particularly large, the jaw could swell. Gums are also often tender and red. Many people experience bleeding gums when brushing their teeth as well as bad breath.
In the next stage of periodontal disease, the teeth become very sensitive to such things as hot and cold temperatures. It is also possible for the abscess to burst, leading to pus discharging into the mouth. Finally, tooth loss would occur. At this stage, periodontal plastic surgery is required to fit crowns and bridges. It is incredibly important to make sure that periodontal disease is diagnosed and treated on time to avoid these situations.
Periodontal Surgery Procedure
Periodontal surgery is also known as periodontal flap surgery. This surgery is based on an understanding of how people recover from surgery and how wounds heal. It is a very versatile way of treating periodontitis. Very simply put, during a periodontal surgery procedure, an opening is made in the gums to access the tissue. Naturally, you will first receive a numbing periodontal injection to numb the area where the cuts will be made. This creates a raised flap of gum tissue, which is often compared to the flap of an envelope. It allows all health tissue to be conserved. Thanks to this treatment, the diseased tissue can be removed, root surfaces can be cleaned completely, lots bone and ligament can be regenerated and healthy tissue is left untouched, which allows for faster healing.
The surgery isn’t cheap. On average, the periodontal surgery cost is between $1,500 and $2,200 per quadrant. However, these costs can vary tremendously depending on the dentist, your insurance policy, the technology that is used and other factors.
Do remember that surgery is often a last resort for periodontal treatment. Dentists will always try to find other solutions first, particularly since the periodontal disease can easily be avoided through lifestyle changes that you will also have to make after surgical periodontal treatment. For example, you will be asked to use a water flosser to increase your dental hygiene.
Recovery from Periodontal Surgery
Periodontal surgery recovery usually only takes a few days for people who are fit and healthy, so long as you follow your dentist’s orders completely. Most people do report quite significant pain, which they can find difficult to deal with. If over the counter medicines do not work, ask your doctor or your dentist for a prescription strength pain killer. Also make sure you don’t eat anything chewy, hard or spicy and stay away from very hot or very cold foods and drinks. Although you need to keep your mouth clean, you must not brush your teeth before you have been told that it is ok to do so, or you risk opening wounds up and causing infections. If you suspect an infection, you need to return to your dentist as soon as possible.
Periodontal disease is highly preventable by making the right lifestyle choices, which include using a proper tooth brushing technique. In fact, having to go for periodontal surgery is usually an indication that you have ignored your dental hygiene and dental problems for too long.