Lung cancer is statistically the main reason for cancer related deaths. It takes more lives in both men and women than any other cancer aliments such as breast cancer and prostate cancer in spite of the fact that survival rates have improved roughly 15%.
Lung cancer can be prevented but it is made harder by the fact that most cases are lately discovered by which times it is in its advance stage, this is due to a lack of symptoms earlier on in the development. When symptoms arise one of the more common indicators is constant coughing which is due to the tumor that is irritating the airways.
Lung cancer commonly attacks smokers; their cough worsens and wheezes and even possibly the person will cough blood. Symptoms often include chest pain, truncation of breath and respiratory disorder and bronchitis. Infected individuals may also feel a lack of appetite leading to weight loss and fatigue, metastasized to other parts of the body.
The primary cause of lung cancer is cigarette smoking. Tobacco contains chemicals and carcinogens that are extremely harmful for the lungs. Exposure to secondhand smoke can lead to the same, adding the hazards of carcinogens from factories and air pollution such as asbestos and radon. Other cancers like colon, thyroid, kidney and others may infect the lungs.
Risks for this kind of cancer is greatly forwarded to smokers, quitting at an early stage makes a big difference and greatly reduces your risk. Genetic factors may increase the chances of lung cancer. It can be inherited from a first-degree relative, smoker or non-smoker.
Screening for lung cancer is required for persons of an age of 50 and above. Individuals of this age should have an annual test to know their exact health situation especially for their lungs. an X-ray or CT scan (computerized tomography) are the tests that can detect early stages of lung cancer. A CT scan is more advanced than an X-ray since it is more thorough and can even see the smallest nodules. After such screening, a biopsy or sample tissue testing is necessary to determine the exact condition of the lungs.
Lung cancer treatments are based on the severeness of the cancer, including the patients’ total health. Other health conditions may prohibit treatments for it as they may lead to a greater risk compared to the benefits. In such cases, supportive and palliative care is all there is. It is a must to discuss with your medical group the short and long-term effect of your therapy, whether Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy or other, plus its benefits and risks. There are different operations to treat lung cancer and it should also be discussed with your doctor together with thorough testing to know which operation is applicable. Some operations are Wedge Resection’s a Lobectomy and Pneumonectomy.
Recovery from operations and treatment will still vary on the patients condition and type of operation. Doctors often suggest rehabilitation programs and physical therapy for faster recovery together with your supportive medications.