A varicose vein is an enlarged and swollen vein. They tend to look dark purple or blue. Often, they are twisted, bulging or lumpy as well. The most common part of the body to be affected by varicose veins is the leg. Generally, having varicose veins is very uncomfortable, making the legs feel heavy and achy. Varicose veins symptoms include that the feet and ankles often fill with fluids and it is a common cause of cramps in the leg.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
In order to prevent varicose veins, you need to first understand the causes of varicose veins. Basically, they occur when the valves in the veins malfunction. Blood is supposed to flow smoothly to the heart through the veins, which is achieved by small valves that open and close at regular intervals. If, for some reason, damage or a weakening of these valves occurs, blood can flow in the wrong direction. This would lead to it collecting in the vein, eventually swelling and enlarging it. There are a number of things that can make your likelihood of varicose vein causes much larger, including being overweight, being pregnant and old age.
Who Is Affected by Varicose Veins?
Around one in three adults is affected by varicose veins, but they are often more common in women. Any vein in any part of the body can become varicose. However, they are most common in the calves of the legs. This is because having to stand up and having to walk adds to the pressure in the veins in the legs.
How to Prevent Varicose Veins
Once you have varicose veins, a number of treatment options are available through your medical professional. Varicose vein surgery is one of the best known types of treatment. Varicose veins removal can also be done with other treatments, including topical treatments.
However, there are a few things you can do yourself to prevent them from occurring in the first place. Prevention is always better than cure, so this is important information. If, however, you have already started experiencing varicose vein pain, you must seek medical attention. Varicose vein treatment can then be determined to help you find relief from the symptoms.
Firstly, you need to always protect your skin from the sun. This is particularly true for those people who are prone to varicose veins in the face. You should also make sure you have good circulation and that you are healthy. This means you have to take part in regular exercise. This will also help your legs and your veins to be stronger. Make sure you pay particular attention to those types of exercise that work on the legs.
You must also consider whether there is a scope for putting less pressure on your legs. If you aren’t exercising, for instance, make sure you have a sit down and rest your legs. However, when you are sitting down, you need to make sure your legs aren’t crossed. However, elevating them when you are resting is very important. You should also not spend extended periods of time standing in one place. Make sure you switch your weight from one foot to the other. At the same time, sitting down for lengthy periods of time is also unhealthy, so make sure you stand up and have a walk around regularly too.
You can also purchase elastic support stockings, designed to prevent thrombosis. You can wear these, but you should stay away from constrictive clothing. Lastly, consider what you eat. A number of foods are known to cause constipation, which can make varicose veins worse. Hence, make sure you eat plenty of fibers. Fiber is found in most fresh vegetables and fruits but also in many whole grains, bran in particular. Lastly, try to limit the amount of salt you consume, as this can make you retain water and swell up.