It seems that more and more people are suffering from what is known as bladder polyps. Doctors are still baffled as to the exact cause of bladder polyps, although they suspect that lifestyle plays an important role. There seems to be a strong link between bladder polyps, smoking and exposure to chemical elements. Polyps are more commonly found in men, and they are usually diagnosed in people over the age of 55. Bladder polyps are also more common in people who have had an infection with the schisosmiasis parasite. This parasite releases eggs in the bladder, where they can build up in the wall, which can in turn lead to the formation of polyps and other types of cancer.
What Are Bladder Polyps?
A bladder polyp is a specific type of growth. It grows within the lining of your bladder. Often, it is a benign bladder polyp, which means it is not cancerous, but they can also be malignant. A polyp can occur in different parts of the body. They are basically abnormal growths on a mucous membrane. They are attached to the organ tissue they are growing on by a stem, giving them an almost mushroom like appearance. Most commonly, polyps grown on:
• The stomach
• The colon
• The sinus or sinuses
• The nose
• The uterus
• The bladder
• The gall bladder
What Are the Symptoms of Urinary Bladder Polyps?
It is very easy to never realize that you have a bladder polyp, as they can often have no symptoms at all. This makes bladder polyp detection very difficult. However, there are a number of common bladder polyp symptoms to watch out for, such as:
• Blood when urinating
• Needing to go to the toilet far more frequently
• Experiencing pain while urinating
Finding blood when urinating is one of the telltale bladder polyp symptoms, but it is also not one of the more common signs. It is far more likely that bladder polyps are discovered because a patient is worried about their urine frequency.
Treatment and Biopsies
If a doctor discovers bladder polyps, they will almost always request them to be removed and sent for biopsy. Generally, a bladder polyp detection is done by performing a cystoscopy. During this procedure, a cystoscope is inserted into the bladder. It has a small light and camera, which allows the doctor to view everything that is inside the bladder. The cystoscope also allows other instruments to be thread through them, which can be useful if a biopsy needs to be taken from one of the polyps. A biopsy is the removal of tissue that is then checked for cancers.
Most of the time, when someone has a bladder polyp, bladder polyp removal will be performed. Very often, this is to perform a biopsy, but it is also possible that they have grown to such a size that they are interfering with a person’s ability to pass urine, or because they cause pain and discomfort. In this case, bladder polyp removal is performed to increase someone’s quality of life. If the biopsy comes back stating that the polyp is cancerous, cancer treatment will be offered. As said, bladder polyp surgery is generally performed through a cystoscope and bladder polyp treatment is only available if the polyps are malignant.
How Dangerous Are Bladder Polyps?
Very often, bladder polyps are not cancerous, being a benign bladder polyp instead. In this case, they do not present any real danger, although they can be very uncomfortable. If they are cancerous bladder polyps, however, cancer treatment is generally very successful, so long as the cancer was caught early. The survival rates from cancerous bladder polyps are extremely high.