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How Dangerous are Urinary Bladder Polyps?

urinary bladder polyp surgery demonstration

It seems that more and more people are suffering from what is known as bladder polyps. Doctors are still baffled as to the exact cause of bladder polyps, although they suspect that lifestyle plays an important role. There seems to be a strong link between bladder polyps, smoking and exposure to chemical elements. Polyps are more commonly found in men, and they are usually diagnosed in people over the age of 55. Bladder polyps are also more common in people who have had an infection with the schisosmiasis parasite. This parasite releases eggs in the bladder, where they can build up in the wall, which can in turn lead to the formation of polyps and other types of cancer.

What Are Bladder Polyps?
A bladder polyp is a specific type of growth. It grows within the lining of your bladder. Often, it is a benign bladder polyp, which means it is not cancerous, but they can also be malignant. A polyp can occur in different parts of the body. They are basically abnormal growths on a mucous membrane. They are attached to the organ tissue they are growing on by a stem, giving them an almost mushroom like appearance. Most commonly, polyps grown on:
• The stomach
• The colon
• The sinus or sinuses
• The nose
• The uterus
• The bladder
• The gall bladder

What Are the Symptoms of Urinary Bladder Polyps?
It is very easy to never realize that you have a bladder polyp, as they can often have no symptoms at all. This makes bladder polyp detection very difficult. However, there are a number of common bladder polyp symptoms to watch out for, such as:
• Blood when urinating
• Needing to go to the toilet far more frequently
• Experiencing pain while urinating

Finding blood when urinating is one of the telltale bladder polyp symptoms, but it is also not one of the more common signs. It is far more likely that bladder polyps are discovered because a patient is worried about their urine frequency.

Treatment and Biopsies
If a doctor discovers bladder polyps, they will almost always request them to be removed and sent for biopsy. Generally, a bladder polyp detection is done by performing a cystoscopy. During this procedure, a cystoscope is inserted into the bladder. It has a small light and camera, which allows the doctor to view everything that is inside the bladder. The cystoscope also allows other instruments to be thread through them, which can be useful if a biopsy needs to be taken from one of the polyps. A biopsy is the removal of tissue that is then checked for cancers.

Most of the time, when someone has a bladder polyp, bladder polyp removal will be performed. Very often, this is to perform a biopsy, but it is also possible that they have grown to such a size that they are interfering with a person’s ability to pass urine, or because they cause pain and discomfort. In this case, bladder polyp removal is performed to increase someone’s quality of life. If the biopsy comes back stating that the polyp is cancerous, cancer treatment will be offered. As said, bladder polyp surgery is generally performed through a cystoscope and bladder polyp treatment is only available if the polyps are malignant.

How Dangerous Are Bladder Polyps?
Very often, bladder polyps are not cancerous, being a benign bladder polyp instead. In this case, they do not present any real danger, although they can be very uncomfortable. If they are cancerous bladder polyps, however, cancer treatment is generally very successful, so long as the cancer was caught early. The survival rates from cancerous bladder polyps are extremely high.

{ 16 comments… add one }
  • Leila September 4, 2014, 3:03 am

    I found out that, I have bladder ployps. I went to the doctor three months ago. The doctor did a scope in the office and found the ployps. He did not put me to sleep. The pain was so bad I cried. The doctors took a peice of the plopy and sent it off to be tested. The test came back benign. I had to call the office to see if he was going to remove the other plopys that are still on my bladder. It has been three months. I am having pain when urinating. There is blood in my urinan. The doctor is going to remove them, but it has been three months and I’m having problems. He also told me not to come back after the surgery. I need to no the results.

    • Tiffany July 9, 2015, 6:36 pm

      After a whole year of major hemoraging (i dont know how i never got anemic) they did a cysto and found benign polyps. Along with friable bladder (where just putting the scope in caused me to bleed out) they couldnt go in very far before they had to stop so nobody knows what’s growing higher up. My pain started after the biopsy, they put me on 7 different medicines: ditropan, atarax, botox injections, gabapentin, lidocaine, elmiron and steriods. Its been 7 months since i was diagnosed and none of these medicines are helping. So they told me it was the end of the road, that i need the organ removed in order to be pain free. Im currently waiting to get a consult with a surgeon.

      • Wendy April 15, 2016, 11:30 am

        Hi Tiffany,

        I would like to know the results of the consultation with the surgeon as well as the outcome of your situation please if you do not mind.

        Kind Regards & Best wishes
        Wendy

    • rebecca luster July 18, 2015, 5:41 pm

      please go see a differnt urologist asap sounds like that ones a quack, hun just in it for the money not your quality of life…. absurb for you to have them even that long!

    • Sky July 20, 2015, 11:55 pm

      Hi Leila how are you doing now?I hope your OK now.god bless.

  • Garry September 9, 2015, 2:21 pm

    I was recently diagnosed with a cancerous polyp on my bladder. Just turned 59. It was originally suspected due to blood in urine. I did have a CT scan (with and without the fluid). The results did show something. After a visit to the Urologist and a cystoscopy (which wasn’t as bad as I thought) I was told there was a Cancerous Polyp. Supposedly early stage. Not sure of any other details. Surgery to remove was scheduled but cancelled due to problems with bad insurance policy.
    I now have to start from square one with a new Urologist who can provide covered outpatient (preferred) surgery. I know I will have to go through the cystoscopy again. Trying to read up on cancerous polyps but so many different scenarios.
    How long can I wait to see a new urologist? Will this type cancer spread after a certain period? If so, approximate timeframe? How concerned should I be regarding a wait for treatment? Not really worried, but concerned.

    • Barry September 22, 2015, 1:06 pm

      Garry, I have had 5 operations for low grade bladder cancer (polyps). Once diagnosed, I was taken for surgery within two weeks each time. The surgery is generally quick and done under anesthesia. There is discomfort, bladder contractions, burning when urinating and blood in the urine for the first day or two following the surgery. My last surgery was on 9/19/15 and it was pretty easy, at least as far as this type of surgery goes. I held off for a couple of weeks due to travel plans, but would not want to wait multiple weeks once diagnosed. It is usually slow growing, but that depends on the types of cells comprising the cancer. I also had to follow up with a BCG treatment for 6 weeks once after my second bout, and this lasts 6 weeks. They place a this chemo directly into you bladder and it sheds the lining of the bladder, hopefully removing any latent cancer cells. May have to have this after this last surgery due to the reoccurrence.

      • Randy January 25, 2016, 10:52 am

        Hi Garry and Barry, it’s good to see your comments because my case is the same as yours. I underwent cystoscopy last August 2015 to remove the polyp in my urinary bladder which turned out malignant. My doctor said I am just very lucky since the cancer has just started (very early), TCC grade 1 was what I’ve read in the biopsy result. In fact, it was not detected with ultrasound but only through CT scan. Cancer treatment was not done on me and it’s the way it is said my doctor for the cancer at that stage. I went for second opinion and the second doctor said the same. I am monitored every 3 months and my first was last December and it was fine. Like anyone who was diagnosed with cancer, what I am really worried of is it’s possible recurrence. Has anyone tried some sort of supplement for this concern? God bless everyone. Prayers really work, believe me.

  • d Smith January 11, 2016, 9:56 am

    It is good to see other comments and experiences. I feel sorry for Leila and Tifany. They need to get better doctors. I was diagnosed with a long wispy polyp after it ruptured and I urinated blood . No assocauted pain. I had cystocpy and then surgery with laser cystoscope to remove polyps. Initial check was local anesthetic and laser surgery done under general anesthetic and painless as far as I was concerned. My polyps also benign so far but they grow and rupture with exercise and high blood pressure so not very nice to see every time you urinate. I don’t smoke cigarettes though I used to have a few small cigars a month. Not any more. I also have small nasal polyps which were cauterised away so I assume I am just prone to polyps.

  • Vicky February 20, 2016, 8:02 pm

    Hello My mum has a 5mm polyp found in the bladder, the hospital havent taken a biopsy and have asked her to come back 12 months later. Is this correct ? should it be left that long?

    • Linda April 4, 2016, 6:31 pm

      I had something very similar told to me today after my cystoscopy, of which I had performed due to blood in my urine since 2013. The Dr discovered three polyps higher in the bladder and said he was not going to biopsy them as this region does not have cancerous polyps. I thought the only definitive way to determine whether a polyp is benign or malignant is a biopsy. He also said I had an abundance of blood supply/vessels and to avoid high impact activities such as running to avoid bleeding. No follow up ordered. I’m very concerned about this.Has anyone else had a similar instance? Does anyone have an answer as to why he would not biopsy when I thought that was the only way to determine benign from malignant?

      • Joanne james June 8, 2016, 2:50 am

        without a doubt go to see another urologist – doesn’t sound right at all

  • Lucy March 14, 2016, 3:42 am

    unlike most of the people on this site I was informed by my general Doctor that I had a little blood in my urin which was microscopic she monitored the microscope blood for a few months then referred me to the urologist upon being examined by the urologist he informed me that I had polyps so he scheduled me for surgery that’s where I am today waiting for the surgery. My urologist did not seem to concern, because he believed that it was discovered early. I pray things work out for me.

  • Abdul May 15, 2016, 4:16 pm

    Thanks all for your comments and shared experience. I am a sonographer in a private clinic. I happen to come across a patient whose complain was abdominal discomfort. To cut the story short, I noticed a growth about 3cm in the anterior wall of his urinary bladder which I suspected to be a bladder polyp. I asked him to know if there is hx of bloody urination or schistosomiasis, to which he says no. He even denied painful urination. I was kind of puzzled to have asymptomatic UB mass but advised him to see his urologist with the result, as I wish him good outcome.

  • tina June 9, 2016, 8:49 am

    I’m just looking for an honest answer regarding this.. I understand having polyps found and having the in/out surgery, as it started years ago with my father, and now he is now almost 89 years old. The past few years the surgeries have been anywhere from a year to six and eight months in between and this last one he was sent home with a catheter, and several problems with only my 82 year old mother to try to take care of him. Within 14 hours the rescue had to be called three times and he had to be taken back to the hospital due to misplacement of the catheter and clotting (and sent home in a taxi!!). So basically my question/concern is if this surgery is even necessary at this point? His urologist said he had one or two polyps and they were removed. If this happens every six months but now it’s getting to the point where he needs overnight hospital care that clearly is not offered, does the risk outweigh the benefit at 89 years young?

  • joanne September 5, 2016, 9:17 pm

    hi im a worried daughter mum has had bladder polyps for 4 years now she started off with just 1 she went for her yearly check up today only to be told she now has 6 and they are taking her into hospital soon to have them all removed she also has to have chemo this time shes telling me shes ok and fine and that there not cancerous but reading up about them i think she doesnt want to tell me whats really going on i want to be there for her as i love her dearly do they give you chemo if not cancerous can someone help me

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