Receding gums occur when the tissue around our teeth starts to wear and tear, or even pull backwards.This means that that more of the tooth, up to the root, starts to be exposed.They are often the first sign of gum disease.This is because small pockets start to form in between the receding gum line and the teeth, where bacteria can build up.Untreated receding gums usually lead to loss of teeth.
Why Do Gums Recede?
The most common factors for receding gums include:
• Genetics – some 30% of people will suffer from receding gums no matter how well they care for their teeth.
• Periodontal diseases – where bacteria infect the gum tissue. This is the most common reason for receding gums
• Bad oral hygiene – if you don’t brush your teeth properly or if you don’t floss, plaque will turn into tartar, which in turn leads to gum recession.
• Bad tooth brushing – when you brush your teeth the wrong way or too hard, the enamel of your teeth will wear.
• Smoking, as this causes tartar build up.
• Hormones, particularly for women. Puberty, menopause and pregnancy can make the teeth and gums more sensitive.
• Crooked teeth, as these can place pressure on the other teeth.
• Grinding teeth at night, which is why you should wear a guard.
• Piercing the tongue or lip, which can rub the teeth.
Treatment for Receding Gums
Dentists can generally stop receding gums by cleaning them and removing the tartar. Deep cleaning is generally the only way possible to remove the issues and stop bacteria from attaching themselves. In extreme cases, gum surgery may be necessary instead.
There are also a few natural receding gums treatment options. Most of these products are quite experimental, but they often include a money-back guarantee if you do not see the expected results. What is more important is that you do everything you can to prevent it from happening in the first place. Stop smoking if you smoke, make sure you brush your teeth properly and floss them and attend all your dental check-ups, even if you feel like your teeth are fine. You may also want to speak to your dentist about other products that are out there to help with gum recession, particularly since some of the products may not be suitable for you. Some of the products available include:
• Increasing levels of Vitamin D
• Increasing levels of Vitamin C
• Reducing the amount of stress you are exposed to
• Coenzyme Q10
• Using tea tree oil
Most over the counter products that are supposed to treat receding gums will have one of these ingredients included in it anyway.
There are three types of gum surgery or gingivoplasty:
• Pocket depth reduction, where the gum tissue is folded and placed back over the root, thereby removing pockets.
• Regeneration, where the lost bone is replaced. Pocket depth reduction is used as well. Some protein will then be injected in order to stimulate natural bone regrowth.
• Soft tissue grafts, where a flap of skin is taken from another part of your mouth and applied to the areas where the gums are receding. Gum graft surgery, as it is known, is one of the more common types of gingivoplasty.
Gum surgery recovery depends mainly on the type of surgery you are offered. It also depends on your own state of health, as the unhealthier you are, the longer recover will take. However, the procedures are usually done on an outpatient basis, leaving you to recover at home afterwards. You must follow your dental surgeon’s instructions, particularly if you have had gum graft surgery.