Our skin works by renewing itself by getting rid of the dead skin and growing new and fresh skin, this process works for the skin of the scalp too. Dandruff occurs when this process is sped up so fast that the dead cells fall out in flakes, which is many skin cells joined together. Some believe that this condition is caused because of Malassezia, which is a fungus that can grow on a person’s skin or scalp. It is often believed that dandruff is caused because the scalp is too dry but most experts agree that a dry scalp does not cause dandruff.
There are two different types of shampoo that one can use to try to treat dandruff; they are anti-dandruff shampoo and anti-fungal shampoo. Any anti-dandruff shampoo should include the ingredients selenium sulphide or zinc pyrthione to be sure it will be effective. Each shampoo is different, so the given instruction should be followed to get the best results. Anti-fungal shampoo should include the ingredient ketoconazote, which is known to be helpful as one of the dandruff remedies. Usually anti-fungal shampoos are used two times a week for the first four weeks and then once a week or every other week after that.
There are some home remedies that you can try to help you treat dandruff that many people find helpful. Some people believe that dandruff is caused by poor nutrients, so it may help to improve your diet and eat healthy foods and especially avoid fried foods. You can also try using vinegar to wash your hair with. You should rub the vinegar into your hair and let it sit for a few minutes and then wash thoroughly; you will want to do this once every day until the dandruff goes away and then just once a week after that. Lemon juice is also believed to be effective in treating dandruff, just a drop or two should be added to your hair when washing it and then rinse thoroughly out.
If after trying several different types of remedies to treat your dandruff it does not get any better or even gets worse, you should contact your doctor and set up an appointment. Your doctor will be able to complete an examination of your scalp to ensure that there is no medical condition that is causing your dandruff. He may be able to prescribe some medication that is stronger and can be more effective than the over-the-counter medications. He will also be able to treat any diseases of the scalp you may have.
Dandruff caused by non-medical conditions usually hits it’s peak during adolescence and early adulthood. This it the time when hormones are at their peak and the renewing of the skin is accelerated. However, it’s a period when dandruff is less welcomed, due to the many important public appearances and busy social life of a young adult. Aging will ultimately solve even severe dandruff, if you won’t succeed with the above presented treatments.